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Beekeeping Questions

These questions are set in relation to our beginners' beekeeping course but may be of general interest to other beekeepers to test their knowledge. Answer as many or as few as you like. Not all the information may be provided directly in the course, so feel free to research your answers on the web and elsewhere.

Answers will be available here after the next beekeeping course  

Section 1
 
  1. Ignoring the actual material a hive is made off i.e. Poly or Wood, name as many hive design types as you can. Provide one distinguishing feature/use for each hive you list that differentiates specifically from others ?
  2. What is a "super" and where does its name derive from ?
  3. What is the difference between a "Manley" frame and a "Hoffman" frame ?
  4. If I wanted to purchase "Hoffman" frames for a National Brood box and also "Manley" National Super frames, what 3 letter frame designator type would I buy for each respectively ?
  5. Why would you choose the use either  "wired" or "unwired" wax foundation in a super ?
  6. What is the importance of "bee space" ?
  7. How can you encourage bees to draw out wax foundation ?
  8. What is the purpose of the "Queen Excluder" ?
  9. What is the name of the "glue" bees use to seal the hive and what is it made from ?
  10. What is "bee bread" ?
Section 2
  1. What three types of bee can make up a colony, and what distinguishes each type ?
  2. What is the significance of Day 8 in a bee's development cycle, and  why is this most important with respect to a developing queen ?
  3. What tasks do newly hatched bees do ?
  4. At what age are bees able to produce wax and comb ?
  5. When the queen is laying at a fixed rate, what would you expect the ratio of eggs, open brood, and sealed brood to be given the development cycle of the bee ?
  6. What mechanisms do bees use to communicate within the hive ?
  7. What functions do the oldest worker bees in the hive perform ?
  8. How many bees would develop from a full national frame of sealed brood (both sides) ?
Section 3
  1. What is the main navigational reference used by bees in the "waggle dance" ?
  2. How is distance, quality, and direction communicated in the "waggle dance" ?
  3. How many eyes does a bee have ?
  4. What are "ocelli" and how does a bee use them ?
  5. As well as the sun's position, what other mechanisms do bee's use to navigate ?
  6. How do bee's regulate temperature in the cold, and hot ?
  7. How does the colony reproduce ?
  8. Typically how many drones does a queen mate with ?
  9. What are Drone Congregation Areas ?
  10. Why is it advantageous for the queen to mate with as many drones as possible (polyandrany) ?
  11. What is a super-sister ?
Section 4
  1. What are the typical signs of a "laying worker" and why is this a problem ?
  2. What serious bee diseases are notifiable ?
  3. Why is it important to register your hives on beebase ?
  4. What is the "matchstick" test for American Foulbrood ?
  5. How can you identify European Foulbrood ?
  6. What do white mummified larvae in a cell signify ?
  7. What is the relationship of the varroa mite and other chronic bee viruses ?
  8. What treatments can be used for varroa mite infestation ?
  9. When is is best to use Oxalic acid as a varroa treatment ?
  10. What is the only oxalic acid formulation that can be used in the UK and why ?
  11. What can you do to minimise "robbing" of a colony by other bees or wasps ?
Section 5
  1. Why is it advantageous for a beekeeper to prevent a colony from swarming ?
  2. What is a classic sign that a colony is preparing to swarm ?
  3. What is the difference between "swarm preparation" and "swarm management" ?
  4. What is the significance of a finding a sealed celled queen cell during a hive inspection ?
  5. What techniques can be used by a beekeeper on finding an open populated queen cell during an inspection to prevent a colony swarming ?
  6. Why is just removing queen cells not sufficient to prevent swarming ?
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